Ancient Greeks were highly spiritual and their thoughts and beliefs were closely related to the Orientals, who worshipped nature and natural phenomena. Religion was a very important part of Ancient Greek culture which encompassed a host of beliefs, mythology, and rituals. Although Ancient Greek society was patriarchal in nature, still Ancient Greek Goddesses occupied a pivotal in Greek Mythology.
For the Greeks, the most important gods were the 12 Olympians assumed to be living on Mount Olympia and among these twelve Olympian Gods and Goddesses, six were female.
So, here we present a list of Greek goddesses who were one of the important figures of Greek mythology:
Mother Earth or Gaea
Apart from these Goddesses of ancient Greece the Earth itself is worshipped as the Mother Earth or the Gaea. She was born of Chaos and is believed to be the creator of all the Titans, the monsters, and the Cyclopes. She is said to be worshipped even before the worshiping of Zeus started in Greece and was said to be nourisher for plants and children
Queen of the Greek Gods- Hera
Myths have it that Hera, the Queen of ancient Greek Goddesses was married to the King of Gods Zeus. Hera is considered to be the Protector Of Marriage and to bring fertility and protection to the children. Her Bird is Peacock. According to the legends, the Milky Way was formed from the milk which sputtered from her breast. She was also known as the Goddess of marriage.
Greek Goddess of War-Athena
Athena the protector of Athens and the daughter of Zeus was worshipped in Parthenon. She is the virgin Goddess of Wisdom, intellect, and Handicraft. She helped Odysseus, Heracles, and Perseus to overcome their trial with her strategies. She holds a lot of power making her the goddess of war and quite an powerful figure. She is said to have born in full armor.
Greek Goddess of Beauty- Aphrodite
Aphrodite the Goddess of Beauty, love, sex, and regeneration has inspired artists of many generations with her beauty. She was born fromthe white foram of the sea Uranus’ castrated genitals was thrown into the sea by his son which also makes her the goddess of sea. She is believed to have given birth to Hermaphroditus the son of Hermes. It became joined with nymph thus the usage of the term Hermaphrodite. She was also considered the Goddess of Prostitution.
Goddess of Home – Hestia
Hestia was the son of Cronus and Rhea and a elder sister to Zeus and Poseidon. She is considered to be the Goddess of Hearth and Home, and is the eldest of the Olympian Gods. Every house has a symbol of Hestia and a newborn is taken to that symbol before being accepted into the family. She is one of the three Virgin Goddesses of ancient Greece.
Goddess of Harvest
Demeter the ancient Goddess of Harvest and Fields was worshipped by every ancient Greek because it was believed by them that bad harvesting and unfavorable weather conditions are caused due to the displeasure of Goddess Demeter. She also had certain aspects of her power in the underworld and was worshipped in Sparta, and also at the festival of Chthonia in Argolis.
Goddess of Hunting- Artemis
Artemis the youngest of the three virgin Goddesses of ancient Greece was worshipped as the Goddess of Hunt and the Protector of Young women and midwives. She has 50 hounds, 50 Dreads, and silver arrows.
Queen of the underworld, Persephone
Among the non-Olympian Ancient Greek goddesses was Persephone the Goddess of Underworld and Spring, as well the daughter of Demeter. According to myths she was abducted by Hades and taken to the underworld where she became the queen of the underworld. Ancient Greeks used to worship the Nymphs and also believed in their power to protect the nature and beauty.
Phoebe belonged to the Titans, which was a category of deities worshipped even before the Olympians. she is a symbolism for pure, radiant, bright and shinning.
- Apart from the Olympians there was also a host of Greek Goddesses who sometimes go below the radar and here’s list of such Goddesses
- Achelois – a minor moon goddess
- Alectrona- An early Greek Goddess of the sun and also of the morning
- Amphitrite – wife of Poseidon and also the goddess of the sea
- Apate- goddess of gardens, flowers, swamps, and marshes
- Aphaea- A Greek goddess worshipped on the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf.
- Ate- She was the goddess of mischief, rain, and delusion
- Brizo- She was known to be the protector of mariners, sailors, and fishermen and was also called a prophet goddess.
- Ceto- She was a primordial goddess of sea monsters
- Circle- She was the Goddess of magic and had the power to turn enemies into beasts
- Cybele- She was known as the goddess of caverns, mountains, nature, and wild animals.
- Eileithyia- We find her mentioned in Homer who refers to her as the goddess of birth pains
- Enya- She was a lover of Ares and a minor goddess of war.
- Eos- She was a Titan and the goddess of dawn
- Eris- She is the Greek goddess of chaos, strife, and discord.
- Harmonia- Her name refers to Harman and is thus known to be the Goddess of harmony and Concord.
- Hectare- She was the goddess of magic, crossroads, ghosts, the moon, witchcraft and the undead.
- Hemera- She was known to be the primordial goddess of the day, daytime and daylight.
- Hygea- The word ‘hygiene’ is derived from the Greek goddess of health, sanitation, and cleanliness, ‘Hygea’
- Iris- She was the messenger of the Gods and known as the Goddess of the rainbow.
- Kerea- She was known to be the Goddess of the night.
- Maia- She was the Greek Goddess of fields.
- Mania- She was known to be the Goddess of insanity, madness, and death.
- Meitis- She was a Titan goddess of wisdom
- Bike- She was known to be the winged goddess of victory
- Nemesis – As the name suggests, she was the goddess of retribution and revenge
- Nyx- She was the primordial goddess of night
- Peitho- She was known to be the Greek God of persuasion and seduction
- Pheme- Her wrath was known to cause scandalous rumors and favor was notable too and known to be the goddess of fame, gossip, and renown.
- Rhea- she was the Titanese God of nature
- Selene- she was sometimes referred to as the mother of vampires and the goddess of the moon
- Terpsichore- She was the goddess of dance and chorus
- The Erinnyes- She was also known to punish men for committing crimes and thus was the goddess of retribution and vengeance
- The Muses- She was known to be a goddess of art
- Themis- She was the Titanese goddess of divine order, law, natural law and custom.
- Tyche- She was known to be the goddess of prosperity and fortune
There were gods and goddesses in the Greek mythological corpus, all playing a certain part or another with some like the pre-Hellenistic gods playing a minor role, which also could be due to the fact that very little sources of information are found before classical Greece and especially in the Dark Ages.