Except for women in Ancient Sparta, Greek Ancient Greek Women had very limited freedom outside the home. With their husband’s permission, they could attend weddings, funerals, some religious festivals, and visit female neighbors for brief periods of time.

Ancient Greece Women

What role did Ancient Greek Women Play?

Women had no role in politics. Women with any wealth did not work. They stayed indoors running their households. The only public job of importance for a woman was as a religious priestess.

A woman could own a property, such as clothes, Greek jewelry, slaves, however, she wasn’t able to buy anything, to own a land or to contract. A guardian controlled all aspects of her life. Athenian citizenship enabled her to marry another citizen, to partake in religious ceremonies, but she still had no voting right or financial independence.

Ancient Greece Women

Ancient Greek Women’s Clothing

However Spartan women did not have this restriction, they had more freedoms and responsibilities in public life. In Athens, the law required all inheritances to go through the male line and limited property that could be owned by Cloth women.

In their home, however, Greek women were in charge! Their job was to run the house, make the clothes, and bear children. The main roles of the wives were supervision of the slaves and management of the household responsibilities, such as weaving and cooking. Most Greek women did not do housework themselves. Most Greek households had slaves.

Ancient Greece Women

Female roles in ancient Greece

Female slaves cooked, cleaned, and worked in the fields.In affluent homes, women had a completely separate area of the house where men were not permitted. In the homes of the poor, separate areas were not available. Poor women often worked outside the home, assisting their husbands at the market or at some other job. Poorer women often went to the market without a male escort.

Wives and daughters were not permitted to watch the Greece Olympic Games as the participants in the games did not wear clothes. Chariot racing was the only game women could win, and only if they owned the horse.

Ancient Greece Women

Girls in Athens got married soon after puberty to much older men. Young Greeks guardian was obliged to provide bride a suitable dowry. However, not much of emotional importance was attached to the institution of Greek marriage and the main aim of the woman was giving birth to children and raising them.