The ancient Greeks were polytheistic. Greeks gods and mythology are loved by the world, even today. Greek gods may be divided into three categories; the Titans, who were the elder gods, the Olympians, and the lesser gods. Sacrifices were performed to please the gods.
Ancient Greek Gods
They had more than hundreds of gods to worship of which only a few are listed below:
The Titans ruled the earth before the Olympians overthrew them. The ruler of the Titans was Cronus who was dethroned by his son Zeus.
Gaea was worshipped as the Neolithic earth-mother goddess. She mated with Uranus to create the Titans.
Cronus was a quite formidable Greek god. He took over power from his father Uranus, by castrating him. Cronus married Rhea and their children were the first of Olympians. It is said that as Cronus feared his overthrowing by his children, he ate them up as they were born.
The wisest Titan was the son of Iapetus. He was the protector of mankind. He was the foreteller of future.
Metis was the Titaness of the fourth day and the planet Mercury. She presided over all wisdom and knowledge. She is the source for Zeus wisdom and she advises Zeus from his belly.
Oceanus is the unending stream of water encircling the world. Together with his wife Tethys, he produced the rivers and the three thousand ocean nymphs.
Themis, the god of justice and order was the mother of Fates and other seasons.
Zeus, the most powerful of the gods, was the lord of the sky and the rain god. He punished all those who lied. He was married to Hetis and Hera. Thunderbolt was his weapon and he would hurl it to bring order. Zeus had a love for other women and his power made it difficult for women to resist.
Hera was the queen as she was the wife of Zeus. She was the protector of marriage, children, and home. Hera was both wife and sister of Zeus but was raised by the Titans Greek god Oceanus and Tethys.
Poseidon was the brother of Zeus and the lord of the sea. Poseidon once was in love with Demeter who was a lesser goddess of corn, grain, and harvest.
He was another brother of Zeus. He was the god of the underworld and the god of money and wealth. This was because precious metals came from the underworld. He abducted Persephone and took her as a wife and made her the queen of the underworld.
Athena was the ancient goddess of the city, and agriculture, and handicrafts. She invented the horse bridle and chariots, the trumpet, flute and rake, the plow and the ship according to Greek mythology. She was the goddess of wisdom.
The Greek goddess of love and desire and had relationships with men and Greek gods. To the war god Ares, she was irresistible.
The son of Zeus was the god of music, light and the sun. He was also the god of healing.
Demeter is the goddess of corn, grain, and the harvest. She is the daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She is associated with the seasons. Demeter is also known for founding the Eleusinian mysteries.
Eros, son of Aphrodite was the goddess of youth. He is also the god of love. His weapon is darts or arrows.
Dionysus is the god of the vine. He invented wine and spread the art of tending grapes. He has a dual nature. He brought both joy and rage.