Ancient Greek Things: The history of Greece can be traced back to Stone Age hunters. Later came early farmers and the civilizations of the Minoan and Mycenaean kings. This was followed by a period of wars and invasions, known as the Dark Ages.

Ancient Greek Things

In about 1100 BC, a people called the Dorians invaded from the north and spread down the west coast. In the period from 500-336 BC Greece was divided into small city-states, each of which consisted of a city and its surrounding countryside.

Ancient Greece Things

There were only a few historians in the time of Ancient Greece. Three major ancient historians were able to record their time of Ancient Greek history, that include Herodotus, known as the ‘Father of History’ who traveled to many ancient historic sites at the time, Thucydides and Xenophon.

Most other forms of History knowledge and accountability of the ancient Greeks we know is because of temples, sculpture, pottery, artifacts and other archaeological findings.

Important Periods of Greek History:

Geography:

Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. The capital of Greece took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.

Ancient Greece Things

In Athens memory never fades. Wherever you stand, wherever you turn, the city’s long and rich history will be alive in front of you. This is where that marvel of architecture, the Parthenon, was created. This is where art became inseparable from life, and this is where Pericles gave the funerary speech, that monument of the spoken word.

Acropolis

In the center of town are two hills, the Acropolis with the monuments from the Age of Pericles, and Abettors with the picturesque chapel of Ai CorgisAncient ruins provide a vivid testimony to the glory of Athens, hailed by many people as the cradle of western civilization.

Ancient Greece Things

Sparta

Sparta a beautiful town near the river Evrotas, located in the center of the Peloponnese in southern Greece, is the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia. SPARTA ( known in Greek as Sparti) has a history which dates back to the Neolithic period, at least 3,000 years before Christ.

Olympic Games

Olympia ancient sanctuary and site of the ancient Olympic Games, located in the western Peloponnese, 10 miles (16 kilometers) inland from the Ionian Sea, near a point where the Alpheus (Alfios) and Cladeus (Kladios) rivers meet.

Ancient Greece Culture And Society

Social Structure

Greece in the Archaic Period was made up of independent states, called Polis (In Greek Things), or city-state. The polis of Athens included about 2,500 sq kilometers of territory, but other Polis with smaller areas of 250 sq kilometers.Greek Society was mainly broken up between Free people and Slaves, who were owned by the free people.

Slaves were used as servants and laborers, without any legal rights. Sometimes the slaves were prisoners of war or bought from foreign slave traders. Although many slaves lived closely with their owners, few were skilled craftsmen and even fewer were paid.

Ancient Greece Things

The government of Greek:

c.800 BC

The majority of Greek states were governed by groups of rich landowners, called aristocrats; this word is derived from ‘Aristoi’, meaning best people. This was a system known as ‘oligarchy’ the rule by the few.

c.750 BC

Athenian power in the Archaic Period was controlled by Aeropagus or council. Their policies were delivered through three magistrates called Archons.

c.500 BC

Democracy was introduced by an aristocrat, Cleisthenes. Who was from a family of the Alcmaeonids in 508 BC, after 2 years of civil war, they used the help of Spartans to secure power.

Art And Architecture:

Other Greek Things, Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful.They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride or offer thanksgiving to the patron deity of a city for success in war.

More Info on – ancient Greece facts,  Greece godsks2, kids, food