The Greeks used bronze for making tools and later on, it was replaced by iron to produce sturdy and harder tools. Iron was used by the blacksmiths to create certain ancient Greek tools like axes, plows, chisels, hammers and other. Firstly, they developed hand tools like the chisel and a hammer.
Ancient Greek Tools for Building
These tools were used for building purposes. Even compound tools like cranes and bellows were also used. In order to smooth a wooden board, the people of ancient Greece used adze, which looked similar to our present day Axe, but the blade was perpendicular to the handle.
The chisel was used for cutting stones with the help of a hammer. There was another ancient Greek tool, which was kind of like the chisel and it was known as the dressing tool with a straight edge, which was used to smooth and make the stone flat. There was another chisel called a gouge, which had a curved edge.
Ancient Greek Technology Inventions
The first construction cranes were invented by the ancient Greeks, it used to be powered by men or beast of burden. Later on, with the invention of the wrench and the pulley hoist, it leads to the replacement of the ramp. The cranes of ancient Greece were capable of vertical lift.
Lever, one of the basic tools, was invented by the Greek mathematician Archimedes (287-212 BC). All our basic tools like the scissors, pliers, hammer claws, nutcrackers, and tongs and so on use the principle of the lever. The catapult was invented in ancient Greece by Daysius, the elder of Syracuse. It was a major weapon used in warfare.
Archimedes invented the water screw, which was used for raising water, by using an encased screw, open at both ends. The Archimedes screw is still used by us. Archimedes also used multiple pulley system to pull the ships into the shore.Astronomers of green made an ancient Greek tool called an astrolabe which was used to determine the altitude of objects in the sky. The spindle was also used to turn raw wool into strings for use by the citizens.