Reasons For Decline Of Ancient Greece: In the second half of the 5th century BC, signs of weakening of the Greek society appeared, due to the slave exploit, the pasteurization of the small producers etc.One of the main reasons for the fall of ancient Greece was the lack of unity.

Reasons For Decline Of Ancient Greece

There were at least three main reasons for the Greeks inability to unite, which are the geographical region of the land, the competitiveness of the people, and extreme personal narcissism. Whatever the reason might be, personal narcissism in the Greeks made them egoistic and would not risk sacrificing himself for the city-state, nor the city-state for the welfare of all Greece.

Reasons For Decline Of Ancient Greece

Peloponnesian War

Another grave phenomenon was the Peloponnesian war. Its called like this because it was organized by the states of the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta, against Athens. The main cause was the old rivalry between Sparta and Athens. The hatred between the two Athens and Sparta made it possible for virtually any reason to cause a war, and the war between the two opposite sides did break out, which is known as the Peloponnesian War.

Reasons For Decline Of Ancient Greece


Another cause was the fight for the road to Sicily, one of the granaries of the old world, road controlled by the states of the Peloponnesian League. Yet another cause was the wish of the states from the Maritime League-that supported the Peloponnesian League- to escape from the hegemony of Athens that became. This wish was supported by Sparta.

Athens was forced to destroy its main defenses, abolish the Delian League and its fleet was handed over to the Spartans. However, more difficult was the fact that Athens now had to recognize and accept Sparta as the leader of Greece. Sparta had won the war. However, in reality, it was actually Persia who had won the war.

Reasons For Decline Of Ancient Greece

Greek Empire Timeline

The war took 27 years, but the fights lasted until 4 BC. Athens capitulated and was forced to give up its hegemony, its fleet and to tear down the “long walls”, in the sound of Spartan music, to have the same friends and enemies like Sparta.

They always ignored the fact that they were stronger when they were united, such when they were united in the Persian War and under the vast, much-feared empire of Alexander the Great.

Sparta was the only city left at the end of the Peloponnese was who was in a fit enough state to take over as leader of Greece. However, instead of liberating the other Greek city-states from the domination of Athens and the Delian League as it had promised, Lysander set about installing oligarchies. These were when the governments were run, not by elected politicians, but by people who had vast amounts of wealth.

Reasons For Decline Of Ancient Greece

From 6th century BC, the Persian Empire reached the peak of power. Having a powerful land and water force, the “king of kings” was looking for a pretext o invades Greece.

After an old Persian custom, the “king of kings” sent messengers to the Greeks, asking them to surrender. Athens and other polis refused. The fight for the defense of the democracy and Greek culture was led by Athens.