Greece is located (Ancient Greek Location) at the southeast end of Europe and it is the southernmost country of the Balkan Peninsula. It is located in the South-East of Europe and it has borders with Turkey to the east, Bulgaria, and Albania in the north, and with Italy in the West.

Ancient Greek Location

Athens, a city with more than 3.5 million residents, is the capital of Greece.It is a country with great natural beauty as well as a long and glorious history. Greece is referred to as a southern European country because geographically she is part of this region.

There are two main Geographical features to Greece:

easy access to the water (the sea) and rocky terrain (mountains). The geographical extent of Greece was defined according to its location in the Balkan Peninsula. The Greek islands lay to the southeastern corner of Europe and were segregated into two peninsulas, Peloponnesus and Attica In ancient times, Greece comprised mountainous terrain and a very rugged coastline.

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The major mountain range of Greece is Olympus, separating Thessaly from Macedonia. Its highest peak rises to 2,919 m above sea level, making it the second highest of the entire Balkan peninsula after peak Musala in the Rila Mountain.

Ancient Greece Culture

Because of its culture, economy, membership in the European Union, Greece is also part of “Western Europe”.

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The Hellenic Republic of Greece

The Hellenic Republic of Greece is rich with history, tradition, and archeological sites dating back thousands of years to classical ancient Greece.The major mountain range of Greece is Olympus, separating Thessaly from Macedonia. Its highest peak rises to 2,919 m above sea level, making it the second highest of the entire Balkan peninsula after peak Musala in the Rila Mountain.

Athens, the capital, was located in the peninsula of Attica, while Sparta, a very famous city-state was within the Peloponnesus peninsula. Athens is protected by a ring of mountains: Hymittos, Aegaleo, Penteli, and Parnitha. In ancient times, the River Cephisus flowed through the city.

Ancient Athens occupied a very small area compared to the sprawling metropolis of modern Athens. The walled ancient city encompassed an area measuring about 2 kilometers from east to west and slightly less than that from north to south, although at its peak the city had suburbs extending well beyond these walls.