Greece civilization with its rich history of Legends, Warriors, Gods and Goddesses and scientific discoveries and scholar provides with a scope for an insightful research into its culture and heritage. The Ancient Greek Cities and colonies are spread all across the Greek island around the Black Sea and the Aegean Sea. The cities are separated from each other by mountain ranges or water bodies. Thus giving rise to self-governing small communities.
Greece was divided into the following Ancient Greek Cities:
1. Peloponnese the peninsula at the southern tip of Balkan Sea. It was connected to the Greek island by the Isthmus of Corinth. The Peloponnese was further divided into seven Ancient Greek cities the Achaea, Arcadia, Corinthia, Elis, Achaea, Messenia, Laconia, Argolis.
2. Central Greece- central Greece consisted of the following ancient cities of Aeniania, Attica, Boeotia, Doris. Euboea, Locris, Malis, Megaris, Oetaea, and Phocis.
3. Western Greece the ancient cities of Western Greece include Acarnania, Aetolia, Aparentia, and Dolopia.
4. Thessaly cities like Achaea Phthiotis, Magnesia, Histiaoetis, Panagiotis, Perrhaebia, Thessaliotis fall in the Thessaly region.
5. Epirus includes the following ancient Greece cities Athamania, Chaonia, Dassaretia, Molossia, Thesprotia, Paraguay, and Tymphaea.
6. Macedonia or Macedonia was an ancient kingdom of Greek which included the ancient Greece city of Pelagonia.
Modern division of Greek Island:
Modern Greece or Hellas or the Hellenic Republic was formed in 1830 after their freedom from the Ottoman rulers. The modern civilization of Greece retains many of their ancient cities and states.Many of the ancient Greece cities in the Peloponnese region exist along the coast of Aegean and the Ionian Sea. Athens one of the most prominent ancient cities of Greece is the present capital of Greece.
In ancient Greek history, the Athens and Sparta were the most powerful and advanced states among most states. They were the first ancient Greece cities to have Democratic governors.Modern Greece also has a strong Roman influence as the Romans formed the Byzantine Empire around Constantinople and ruled Greek for a very long time.
During First World War a massive population exchange took place between Greece and Turkey. The plains of Thessaly, central Macedonia, and Thrace are the most the fertile land of this region contributes towards the agricultural products of the country. Thus even in modern days, the history of ancient Greek cities is alive on its soil.