Ancient Greek Achievements are many in number and are applauded in their original or advanced from around the world even today. Medics in the western civilization have been impacted by many of ancient Greece’s contributions.
The Ancient Greek Accomplishments were very significant and if the Greeks did not discover these things the world would be completely different. The quote “Without Greek achievement, the world would be much different” is true. Imagine if Claudius Ptolemaios did not discover the world was round. Everyone would be cramped into Europe and Asia.
Influence on Modern society
The major achievement of the Greeks is the continuing of their cultural influences in modern societies even after thousands of years. The oath devised by Hippocrates is still taken by a medical student before beginning his career as a practitioner. The Greek influence can still be seen in western arts and architecture, especially in buildings like the White House. Greek dramas and epics are still performed in modern theatres with great enthusiasm among theatre lovers. The philosophical theories of ancient Greek thinkers are still studied in modern universities making ancient Greece still relevant after so much time.
Hippocrates, who created the Hippocratic Oath, was a renounced mathematician, and doctor he is sometimes referred to as “the father of medicine. The Hippocratic Oath states that Hippocrates will treat his patient to the best of his abilities that he will refuse to give deadly medicine to his patients.
Today some medical students and doctors still take the oath and learn about it. The Hippocratic Oath is now starting to be used less often due to more revised oaths and law concerning the medical field.
Dramas and Epics
Another important achievement of the ancient Greeks was that they introduced the world to a variety of interesting themes a plot could be set upon.
- The first type they invented was the tragedy. In tragedies, one or more major characters always suffered a disastrous end. Sophocles was one of the most popular tragedians to have existed.
- Comedies were invented next. In comedies, plays always had a happy end. The third type was the satire.
- Satires: Satires were plays that made fun of mortal legends and of real people. Satires in ancient Greece were often political in nature, and could indeed affect people’s opinions about current events.
The Greek epics have been immortalized with their vivid descriptions and idealistic portrayals of the events. They contain contemporary information which has even helped modern historians get information on the era.
Epics like Iliad and Odyssey are legendary with the portrayal of the Trojan war which has led to great discoveries and literary masterpieces.
The biggest achievement of ancient Greece was its democratic systems in the classical period.
It was first established in ancient Athens in which all free male citizens got the right on issues and policies of the state. It was a system of direct democracy in which people directly ruled their state instead of representatives like in modern democracies.
It was an unprecedented system in ancient times where most societies were either ruled by exclusive aristocrats or authoritarian kings.
They even had a written constitution to state the laws and customs of the land which restricted the rulers to make dictatorial decisions.
It has inspired modern day thinkers who established democracies based on the theories of ancient Greek democracy.
Competitions In Ancient Greeks
The Olympic Games are also a contribution of the Greeks to the world. The ancient Greeks loved competitions of all sorts, especially sporting competitions. The Olympics were not the only competitive games held in ancient Greece, but they were the most popular. Sports like boxing, wrestling, discus, javelin throw, jumping, racing became very popular and have inspired the modern versions of this.
The Olympics held great great prestige in the ancient Greek world being a great sporting event so great that even wars were temporarily stopped for letting athletes participate in the games.
Art and Architecture
Ancient Greek art reached its peak in the Hellenistic period with its idealized form of the human body depicting their mood, grace, and poise in their bronze statues.
The Artemision bronze statues depicting either Zeus or Poseidon in his full-throwing posture is one of the most brilliant pieces of ancient sculptures. The Greeks put stress more on the perfect portrayal of human anatomy and produced exquisite nude male human bodies.
Science and Maths
The greatest Greek achievements can be seen in the fields of science and maths. The Pythagoras theorem, Euclid’s geometry etc. that help us to solve numerous mathematical and physics problems today was invented years ago by Greek scholars.
Aristotle created a classification system of monarchies, oligarchies, tyrannies, democracies, and republics which we still use today. Greek philosophers like Plato and Socrates gave important interpretations of various social and political concerns like democracy, state, government etc.
The ancient Greeks have left a lasting effect on modern society and modern science. Greeks astronomers like Eratosthenes was the first to calculate the circumference of the earth and similarly, Aristarchus created a model of the universe in which the sun was placed at the center with the planets revolving around them including the earth which inspired Copernicus to build his heliocentric theory.
Famous mathematicians like Archimedes made great contributions to the field of geometry and calculus. Even models depicting the movement of the sun and moon were created by Hipparchus which included solar eclipse too.
Central heating was invented in ancient Greece. In order to heat your house, you need to keep a fire going on your bottom floor. Your second story floor needs to be made out of mortar because mortar absorbs heat. Fire needs air so on the floor with the fire there needs to be flue channels. This was discovered by Britannica.
During the second century of the Common Era, a Greek man named Claudius Ptolemaist invented the astrolabe. The astrolabe was able to measure geographic longitude and the latitude of stars from any given point on Earth. This device was able to prove the world was round and that the Earth spun on an axis.
Victory over Persians
The Greek victories over the Persians can be considered to be huge achievements keeping in mind the strength and prosperity of the Persian empire.
In the second invasion, Xerxes outnumbered the Greeks heavily but they managed to unite into a Hellenic league to stop the foreign invaders with their superior tactics and planned usage of their landscapes.
The battles of marathon and salamis have been immortalized in the pages of history with leaders like Themistocles attaining the status of legends.